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Sulfur / Sulphur is a chemical component with atomic number 16 and symbol S. It is a multivalent, abundant non-metal. At normal states, sulfur atoms create cyclic octatomic molecules with chemical formula S8. Elementary sulfur is a crystalline bright yellow solid.
Sulfur or sulphur is a chemical element with symbol S, The element's commercial uses are primarily in fertilizers, because of the relatively high requirement of plants for it Plant which equates to or exceed those for phosphorus. It is one of the major nutrients essential for plant growth, root nodule formation of legumes and plants protection mechanisms;
Iran is one of the biggest producers of sulphur in the world; Iran sulphur is recovered from gas and oil; therefore, it is called gas recovered and oil recovered
The gas recovered sulphur is in two kinds: granular and lumpy
Properties of Sulfur:
- Specific gravity: 2.07 @ 700 F.
- Atomic mass: 32.065 u ± 0.005 u
- Molecular weight: 256.50.
- Ionic radius: 0.184 (-2) nm; 0.029 (+6)
- Ionization energy: 999.3 KJ/mol
- Electron configuration: [Ne] 3s²3p⁴
- Boiling point: 444.6 °C
- Melting point: 115.2 °C
- Electronegativity: 2.58
- It is an inferior conductor of heat
- Physical state of sulfur is solid at room temperature.
Sulphuric acid (H2SO4) is a major derivative of Sulphur, a very important element used as an industrial raw ingredient. Sulphur is used in detergents, gun powder, fungicides, batteries, fertilizers, matches & fire works. Also, it is used for making corrosion-resistant concrete with great strength.